The word means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth.
Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. When plaque is not removed thru regular teeth brushing, it turns into calculus or tartar. This is a hard substance that needs to be scraped off using dental instruments. The lingering presence of both plaque and calculus can begin to destroy the gums and bone.
It has been estimated that four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! This is because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. By the time you have red and swollen gums that bleed easily, periodontal disease - or gum disease, as some patients will call it - has taken hold.
It is also the number one reason for tooth loss.
Research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
If you have any questions, concerns, or would like to schedule an appointment, please contact us today. We look forward to providing you with the personal care you deserve.